Conversion therapy

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Conversion therapy is treatment aimed at "converting" homosexual individuals to heterosexuality. The American Psychiatric Association opposes psychiatric treatment "based upon the assumption that homosexuality per se is a mental disorder or based upon the a priori assumption that a patient should change his/her sexual homosexual orientation" and describes attempts to change sexual orientation by practitioners as unethical. United States Surgeon General David Satcher issued a report in 2001 stating that "there is no valid scientific evidence that sexual orientation can be changed".

Despite this, conversion therapy is sometimes pursued by homosexual or transgender individuals, their parents, or others. The practice of conversion therapy is most commonly associated in modern times with fundamentalist Christian groups and typically involves religious interventions and counselling. However, in the past, aversive techniques such as electric shocks and nausea inducing drugs were employed in connection with homoerotic stimulation, as well as even more drastic measures such as chemical castration and lobotomies.

Examples of media dealing with conversion therapy include:


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