Sexuality of Wonder Woman
[Themyscira is] supposed to be paradise. You're supposed to be able to live happily. You're supposed to be able — in a context where one can live happily, and part of what an individual needs for that happiness is to have a partner — to have a fulfilling, romantic and sexual relationship. And the only options are women.
But an Amazon doesn't look at another Amazon and say, "You're gay." They don't. The concept doesn't exist.Now, are we saying Diana has been in love and had relationships with other women? As Nicola [Scott] and I approach it, the answer is obviously yes.
In October 2016, Gal Gadot stated that Wonder Woman would not be portrayed as explicitly bisexual in the upcoming film, Wonder Woman:
In the film she falls in love with a man [Steve Trevor, played by Chris Pine]. But in general [...] I think Wonder Woman is all about heart, and she cares for people without paying too much attention to their gender. So that's an option, but we never experience that in [the film Wonder Woman]. Maybe in the future, who knows?
Creation of Wonder Woman
The announcement ended years of speculation and hope from the LGBT community and many others, considering the unique origin of Wonder Woman. The character was created by the American psychologist, inventor, and writer William Moulton Marston with his wife, fellow psychologist, and uncredited co-creator Elizabeth Holloway Marston, whose love of Sappho had considerable influence on the comics and who is credited with giving Marston the idea to create a female superhero. The two lived in a polyamorous arrangement with a third woman, Olive Byrne, a niece of early birth control advocate Margaret Sanger. Byrne is credited as being Marston's muse for Wonder Woman's physical appearance. A third woman, Marjorie W. Huntley, had a polyamorous arrangement with the Marstons before Olive Byrne began cohabiting with them, and occasionally afterwards. Huntley also participated in the creation of Wonder Woman by inking and lettering some of the early comics. All four were involved in the Free Love movement and it is thought that Holloway and Byrne, at least, were lesbian lovers separately from their mutual relationship with Marston. The two women continued to live together and sometimes sleep in the same room for 40 years after Marston's death.
Themyscira and the society of all-female Amazons who lived there were conceived of as a sort of feminist utopia, though rather different from what modern feminists might recognize as such due to Marston's idealized views on feminine nature. Nevertheless, she has remained a feminist icon throughout her history.
She has also been a queer icon, due to the strong homoerotic overtones of some of the early comics, especially Diana's relationships with Paula and Marya. Fellow comics writer Trina Robbins has stated that Robert Kanigher, who took over writing the Wonder Woman comics in 1948 after Marston's death, told her in a phone interview that he considered all the Amazons to be lesbians. However, due to the social mores of the time and censorship by the Comics Code Authority, he was unable to depict this explicitly on the page.
- Will Wonder Woman be the movies' first major queer superhero?
- Give 'Em Elle: Wonder Woman Is Queer, and That's Amazing! Now Say It in the Comic
- The Case for Paradise Island as a Lesbian Utopia
- The Free Love Experiment That Created Wonder Woman
- The Secret History of Wonder Woman, by Jill Lepore
- The Last Amazon
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